Important Things You Should Know About Automotive Testing

A woman testing a carMost of us know that cars are tested for safety, performance, comfort, and fuel economy because it is mandated by the government and other relevant organizations. Automotive testing covers a lot more than just these aspects, though.

You might be wondering what happens in automotive testing labs. JTL America shares some information to help you understand the process.

Tasks Carried Out in a Lab

Whether it is a headlight or a muffler, the chassis, or the mags, manufacturers have their products tested before installation. Automotive testing answers the following questions:

  • Can a car’s chassis withstand salt erosion?
  • Will a car’s engine perform well at high altitudes?
  • How well does the airbag work?
  • How safe is the glass used to make windshields and windows?
  • Does the car’s electrical system work seamlessly?
  • How durable are a vehicle’s shocks and struts?

The job of a testing lab is to offer quality assurance by doing in-depth testing and inspection before certifying a car for sale.

Areas of Testing

While many technologies have been around for years, stringent regulations are changing the way vehicles are built. Car manufacturers are expected to conduct thorough tests in the following areas, as consumers’ safety is at stake:

  • Automotive fluids – Engine lubricants play a key role in the engine’s function. Engine oils and fuels, lubricants, and dust separation are some of the key areas for testing.
  • Electrical and electronic components – Noise measurement, battery testing, headlamp testing, altitude simulation, and other tests ensure that components comply with SAE and OEM regulations in the country of manufacture, as well as industry and global standards.
  • Materials – Plastic, metal, and other components used to build a vehicle undergo rigorous testing to ensure that a car will work properly in extreme environments with temperatures ranging from -45˚C to 177˚C. The VOC test is also done to rule out chemical exposure.
  • Engine tests – Testing labs do emissions, noise measurement, engine endurance, and gear tests, to name a few. This is done on all vehicles sold by manufacturers.

Automotive testing labs also perform environmental tests, conduct IATF audits and certifications, test complex systems such as hybrid engines. Every manufacturer has a research facility for testing and uses the services of well-known labs as well to confirm data.